The Canaanite nations are astounded and terrified by the Israelites’ miraculous crossing of the Jordan River and arrival into Canaan. Joshua discovers that many of the men who were born during the years the Israelites spent wandering the desert were not circumcised. He immediately instructs that this situation be rectified on what becomes known as Givat Ha’aralot (Hill of the Foreskins). The events recorded thus far take place in the first two weeks of the month of Nissan, immediately prior to the Passover holiday. For the first time, the Israelites are able to celebrate the holiday of their deliverance in the Promised Land. The manna, which has been their main source of food for forty years, stops falling from the sky.
A man of God reveals himself to Joshua. He introduces himself as the “Commander of the Army of the Lord” and commits to stand by Joshua’s side. Joshua now knows that God is with him. The first Passover celebration in the Promised Land, combined with the recent revelation experienced by their leader, instills excitement amongst Joshua and the Israelites. Excitement is an important factor for enlightenment and spiritual growth.
“that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more” (Joshua 5:1)
“Now all the people that came out were circumcised” (Joshua 5:5)
“there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand” (Joshua 5:13)
“as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come” (Josuha 5:14)
Joy is feeling the light of the Creator.